About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgment of a lower court (trial court) or tribunal. For example, the U.S. circuit courts of appeals review the decisions of the U.S. district courts.
Immediately after judgment is granted, the losing party may ask the court of first instance to reconsider, giving it a chance to correct its own errors. In Anglo-American courts this procedure is known as a motion for a new trial. In some cases (e.g., if there is newly discovered evidence), procedures analogous to motions for a new trial exist in European countries. If such a move fails, all legal systems permit a losing party to appeal the adverse judgment to another court. They differ as to which judgments may be appealed and how deeply the appellate court will scrutinize whichever judgments are appealed.
A court of appeals which hears appeals from lower court decisions. The term is often used in legal briefs to describe a court of appeals.
The Free (Legal) Dictionary
Relating to appeals; reviews by superior courts of decisions of inferior courts or administrative agencies and other proceedings.
An appellate court is a court that hears cases on appeal from another court. Depending on the particular legal rules that apply to each circumstance, a party to a court case who is unhappy with the result might be able to challenge that result in an appellate court on specific grounds. These grounds typically could include errors of law, fact, or procedure (in the United States, due process).
In different jurisdictions, appellate courts are also called appeals courts, courts of appeals, superior courts, or supreme courts.