1. In appellate cases, a group of judges (usually three) assigned to decide the case; 2. In the jury selection process, the group of potential jurors; 3. The list of attorneys who are both available and qualified to serve as court-appointed counsel for criminal defendants who cannot afford their own counsel.

Additional Sources Dictionary

n. the list of people selected to appear for jury duty.

1 : a group of community members summoned for jury service

2 : a group of usu. three judges among the judges sitting on an appellate court who hear a particular appeal compare full court

Lect Law Library

The judges/arbitrators who decides a dispute. Usually refers to appellate courts.

The Free (Legal) Dictionary

A list of jurors to serve in a particular court or for the trial of a designated action. A group of judges of a lesser number than the entire court convened to decide a case, such as when a nine-member appellate court divides into three, three-member groups, and each group hears and decides cases. A plan in reference to prepaid legal services.

The term open-panel legal services refers to a plan in which legal services are paid for in advance, usually by insurance, but in which members can select their own lawyers. Under a closed panel, all legal services are rendered by a group of attorneys previously chosen by the insurer, the union, or another entity.


A committee or jury used to decide some matter. In a legal context it may refer to a subset of a full set of appeal court judges, in contrast to an en banc hearing, which involves them all. In accident investigations, a full investigation may involve sub-panels with expertise in differing areas, in the aircraft context perhaps covering avionics, structures, engines and so on.