Respondent

A Respondent refers to the party who is required to respond to the court by answering a petition for a court order or to a writ that requires the respondent to take some action, halt an activity or obey a court's direction. In such matters the moving party (the one filing the petition) is usually called the "petitioner." Therefore, the respondent is similar to a defendant in a lawsuit, however, the potential result is a court order and not money damages.

Additional Sources

Answers.com

In equity practice, the party who answers a bill or other proceeding in equity. The party against whom an appeal or motion, an application for a court order, is instituted and who is required to answer in order to protect his or her interests.

Duhaime Legal Dictionary

The party that "responds to" a claim filed in court in the form of a petition, and against them by a petitioner.

The word is also used to refer to the party who wins at the first court level but who must then respond to an appeal launched by the party that lost the case at the first court level (upon appeal, this latter person is called the appellant).

FindLaw

a: an answering party in an equitable proceeding

b: a party against whom a petition (as for a writ of habeas corpus) seeking relief is brought

c: an answering party in a proceeding in juvenile court or family court : a party against whom a divorce proceeding is brought

d: a party prevailing at trial who defends the outcome on appeal: "appellee

Law.com Dictionary

1) the party who is required to answer a petition for a court order or writ requiring the respondent to take some action, halt an activity or obey a court's direction. In such matters the moving party (the one filing the petition) is usually called the "petitioner." Thus, the respondent is equivalent to a defendant in a lawsuit, but the potential result is a court order and not money damages. 2) on an appeal, the party who must respond to an appeal by the losing party in the trial court (called "appellant") in the appeals court.

Lect Law Library

The person being sued or responding to the suit. The party who makes an answer to a bill or other proceeding in chancery. In the civil law, this term signifies one who answers or is security for another; a fidejussor

Legal-Dictionary.org

A person or party who responds as defendant in a civil suit, divorce proceeding, juvenile court, or other proceeding.