Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.

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Oral evidence offered by a competent witness under oath, which is used to establish some fact or set of facts.

Testimony is distinguishable from evidence that is acquired through the use of written sources, such as documents.

Duhaime Legal Dictionary

The oral evidence of a witness in a judicial proceeding, such as a trial.

Law.com Dictionary

n. oral evidence given under oath by a witness in answer to questions posed by attorneys at trial or at a deposition (questioning under oath outside of court).


Evidence furnished by a witness under oath or affirmation and either orally or in an affidavit or deposition.

Lect Law Library

The statement made by a witness under oath or affirmation.


Statements made under oath.


In the law, testimony is a form of evidence that is obtained from a witness who makes a solemn statement or declaration of fact. Testimony may be oral or written, and it is usually made by oath or affirmation under penalty of perjury. Unless a witness is testifying as an expert witness, testimony in the form of opinions or inferences is generally limited to those opinions or inferences that are rationally based on the perceptions of the witness and are helpful to a clear understanding of the witness' testimony.

A subpoena commands a person to reappear. It is compulsory to comply.